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Is it possible to pilot a valve directly with an APEM joystick?
You must use an intermediate board to adapt the voltage and supply the required current. 

With a potentiometer joystick, how to get 0V as an output when on the center?
To achieve this, you need to power it with -5V and +5V 

What is ‘dual output’ or ‘dual sensors’?

You get 2 separated outputs per axis. These outputs may either be sample ramp or inversed ramp from one another. 

What is the ‘analog deadband’ option for a Hall effect joystick?
This option provides a "dead zone" of +/-2.5% at center. The analog dead band is only available for Hall effect joysticks. 

What does the ‘CT’ option mean for a potentiometer on the 4000 series joystick?
Most joysticks are used at center ; this option introduces a ‘dead zone’ around the center. It also is standard on the 3000 series (Hall effect). 

CT option

For the 9000 series, what does ‘Mixed signal output’ stands for?

Ideal for those applications whereby the method of steering is by controlling two motors. For example one motor uses X+Y signals and the other uses X-Y signals. This mixing is achieved by internally orientating the signals at 45 degrees to normal. Typical applications may be twin propeller boats, tracked vehicles, or wheelchairs.

What are the buttons on the IP Desktop for?
The IP Desktop is a HID compliant device and is recognized by most operating systems as a standard USB "game controller". The functionality of the joystick, including the button programming is dependent upon the specific software applicaton. 

How do I use a joystick to control the cursor on my Microsoft Windows PC?
To use the joystick as a mouse, the "joyball" or cursor emulation output option should be selected.

What are Hall effect sensors?
Hall effect sensors provide a magnetic, non-contacting alternative to potentiometer joysticks. The great advantage of Hall sensors is that they offer an extra long life cycle rating because there are no contacting parts within the sensor system. Meaning,  they do not electrically wear as a potentiometer does. The main disadvantage of the Hall effect joysticks is their susceptibility to strong electromagnetic interference (EMI).

Why select an M Series "resistive" potentiometer joystick?
Potentiometer joysticks have been used for over 25 years and provide a well understood, reliable technology. Potentiometer joysticks provide linear outputs with superiour protection to EMC or magnetic fields.

Are joysticks in stock? 
Most  joysticks are custom built to order and require a lead time to manufacturer. However, on seldom occasions, joysticks are available for immediate shipment. The USB Desktop range is typically available for immediate shipment.

How long is the lead time?
Typical lead times are 4 to 8 weeks.

What is the difference between a 55°potentiometer and a 220°potentiometer?
Respectively, 55° and 220° is the measure of the electrical track on the potentiometer. The approximate mechanical travel of the associated joysticks is 55°. Thus, to receive a full "rail-to-rail" (example: 0 to 5V) output, a 55° degree potentiometer should be selected.

What is the IP sealing level for the joysticks?
The sealing level varies according to the specific application. If a specific protection level is required, please specify this at the time of order.

Is a wiring harness available for joysticks?
Most series of joysticks come with cables already attached, some however do not, please refer to the datasheet to confirm which are pre-wired. For those series which do not come pre-wired, wiring harnesses are available for an additional cost. One time fees may also apply if special tools are necessary.

Are the M Series resistive joysticks suitable for vehicle or outdoor applications?
APEM does not recommend the M Series resistive joysticks for vehicle or outdoor applications. 4000 Series of any of the sealed Hall effect joysticks should be considered for such applications.

What is USB?
USB is a communication protocol used to connect a range of devices to a computer. USB "game controller" joysticks are plug-and-play with most versions of Microsoft Windows Operating Systems. Plug-and-play capabilities should be verified in Windows "Game Controller" utility.

I'm building a robot in my parent's basement with the hopes of global domination. Can I use one of your joysticks to control such an army?
Yes you can! In fact, APEM supplies thousands of joysticks specifically for robotics control. The most often used joysticks for such applications are the Miniature resistives, HF and TS Series.

I need a joystick to control my security camera, what do you recommend?
The best selling joysticks for security camera applications are the Miniature resistive and HFX Series I. Three axis joysticks are commonly used for PTZ control.

What CANbus options are available?
Canbus J1939 is available for many series, CanOpen is also available on selected series

What is IP rating?
The IP Code (or International Protection Rating sometimes also interpreted as Ingress Protection Rating) consists of the letters IP followed by two digits and an optional letter. As defined in international standard IEC 60529, it classifies the degrees of protection provided against the intrusion of solid objects (including body parts like hands and fingers), dust, accidental contact, and water in electrical enclosures. The digits ('characteristic numerals') indicate conformity with the conditions summarized in the tables below. Where there is no protection rating with regard to one of the criteria, the digit is replaced with the letter X.

What is RoHS? Do APEM switches comply with this standard?
The RoHS Directive stands for "the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment". This Directive bans the placing on the EU market of new electrical and electronic equipment containing more than agreed levels of lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants. All APEM switches comply with the RoHS requirements.

What is IP69K protection?
The goal of this test is to simulate pressure cleaning conditions on a plant floor. In the test fixture, the switches German standard DIN 40050-9 extends the IEC 60529 rating system with an IP69K rating for high-pressure, high-temperature wash-down applications. Such enclosures must not only be dust tight (IP6X), but also able to withstand high-pressure and steam cleaning. The test specifies a spray nozzle that is fed with 80°C water at 8–10 MPa (80–100 bar) and a flow rate of 14–16 L/min. The nozzle is held 10–15 cm from the tested device at angles of 0°, 30°, 60° and 90° for 30 s each. The test device sits on a turntable that rotates once every 12 s (5 rpm). 

The IP69K test specification was initially developed for road vehicles, especially those that need regular intensive cleaning (dump trucks, cement mixers, etc), but also finds use in other areas (e.g., food industry).

What are the standard buttons in the Multifunction Joystick faceplates?
As standard, the Multifunction Joysticks are configured with N/O momentary snap-action switches. Additional and custom switches are available upon request.

Can a three axis handle be "frozen" so that the joystick only provides two axes?
Yes, all three axis handles may be locked to only provide two axes.

What is the HFX Side Plate Joystick?
The HFX Side Plate is a Hall effect, drop-in replacement for the M Series resistive Joystick. Providing a Hall effect output on the M Series mechanics

What is the difference between the Resistive and the Hall effect Joysticks?
Resistive Joysticks utilize potentiometers and the Hall effect joysticks utilize non-contacting magnetic technology.

How many options can I fit into a Multifunction faceplate?
Multifunction joysticks are custom configured to order and can typically be populated by most switches and devices, space permitting.

I have a Hall effect joystick, can I reprogram it?
No, all Hall effect joysticks are factory programmed and cannot be reprogrammed.

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